El Sistema creator Jose Antonio Abreu, music educator emulated worldwide, dead at 78

His most famous protegé, Gustavo Dudamel, musical director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, tweeted a picture of the two Saturday dedicated to Abreu “with devoted love and eternal gratitude.”

Con todo mi amor y eterna gratitud a nuestro padre y creador de El Sistema. With devoted love and eternal gratitude to my mentor and father of El Sistema. Jose Antonio Abreu, the Venezuelan government economist turned musical educator who created a network of youth orchestras that has been replicated in dozens of countries around the world, died Saturday. El Sistema: How the power of music helped change Venezuelan lives

But more recently the sterling reputations of the institution — and Abreu — have taken a hit as a result of the program’s close ties to Maduro, whose socialist administration has been accused of undermining Venezuela’s democracy. Crowds gather to honour Abreu at his wake in Caracas on Sunday. Well into his 30s in 1975, he formed a small orchestra of a dozen young musicians that would become the seed for El Sistema. El Sistema faces criticism
Around the same time the book El Sistema: Orchestrating Venezuela’s Youth by British musicologist Geoffrey Baker was published, describing Abreu as a politically cunning, autocratic and vengeful visionary as much feared as loved. No cause was given, but Abreu had been known to be battling several illnesses ever since he retired from El Sistema, as the musical education program is known, a few years ago. Abreu was the teacher to generations of Venezuelan classical music performers. His death was announced by the newspaper El Universal, where his brother Jesus Abreu is president. But he rejected Baker’s emotionally charged language comparing El Sistema to the mafia and slavery, saying the book might only serve to incense critics who accused Abreu of being too cozy with the government on which El Sistema’s survival depends. He said it had been incorrectly listed on the El Sistema website as a result of an administrative error. Thank you, maestro! Four decades later, the government-financed program claims to currently put 1 million Venezuelan children in contact with classical music through a network of hundreds of youth choirs, orchestras and music centers spread across the country. An Associated Press investigation last year found that El Sistema had for more than a decade claimed Abreu held a doctorate in petroleum economics from the University of Pennsylvania. (Ariana Cubillos/Associated Press)

Abreu never publicly responded to the criticisms as he retired from public view shortly after the book’s publication. Thank you for all, maestro José Antonio Abreu you always will be with us pic.twitter.com/cA6honcV03—
@rondavisalvarez

He acknowledged that the organization hasn’t evolved as quickly as its track record for musical excellence. But he initially put his artistic aspirations on hold to become an economist, teaching at two universities in Caracas, and later entering politics. The Ivy League school had no record of Abreu ever attending, and his brother Jesus Abreu later confirmed to AP that the doctorate did not exist. The book also faulted El Sistema for fostering a culture of top-level corruption, favouritism and improper sexual relations between teachers and pupils. That God has you in his kingdom. In 2012, he established the Sistema Europe, a network of youth ensembles from 25 countries inspired by the Venezuelan model. Arts educator Marshall Marcus witnessed up close El Sistema’s birth as a young musician living in Venezuela during the late 1970s oil boom. In 2014, amid a wave of deadly anti-government unrest, Abreu and Dudamel appeared alongside Maduro on national TV celebrating a recent European tour and reviewing blueprints for the government-funded “Dudamel Hall” designed by L.A.-based architect Frank Gehry. (Juan Barreto/AFP/Getty Images)

Internationally, its teaching model has spread to more than 60 countries, while its marquee Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra is a fixture in top-flight concert halls from New York to London. pic.twitter.com/Kg816t74n6—
@maduro_en

“We are comforted by knowing that your legacy will remain alive in the hands and voices of the children of the youth orchestras.”
Musician, economist, politican
Born in the western city of Valera in 1939, El Maestro, as Abreu was almost universally known in Venezuela, studied music from an early age. But El Sistema disputed Baker’s characterization and Abreu’s many backers, include even some government critics, said it overlooked his musical achievements and the successful building of one of the few institutions in Venezuela to have endured almost two decades of polarizing, socialist rule. pic.twitter.com/tPpA0oCRzm—
@GustavoDudamel

President Nicolas Maduro also mourned the loss. There are more than 70 countries that today are inspired by your dream, your mission, many of us take your mission as a way of life and today we want and will continue to share it for the world. According to El Sistema, the program allows about one million Venezuelan children experience classical music through youth choirs, orchestras and music centres across the country. He was 78. The physical depasture of Maestro Abreu hursts us, but thanks to his infinite love for the Homeland he left an imprint deep and indelible in Venezuela. “The Venezuelan people that you so loved today are crying for you Maestro,” Maduro said in a message posted on social media along with a photo of the two at a meeting in the presidential palace in 2014. A girl in Caracas takes part in a violin lesson in 2008. “It may be an autocracy but it’s one that has allowed thousands of people to flourish,” Marcus told AP in 2014. “If that’s a tyranny, it sure doesn’t feel like one.”

© The Associated Press, 2018 <He made history building on his great work.